Digital Privacy: What you need to know about the Internet

Privacy is something that we all value highly in everyday life. You draw the curtains before you retire to bed at night for privacy, you see the doctor in a small room behind a closed door in private, and you damn sure don’t let anybody see you in the shower for the same reasons.

Maintaining your privacy doesn’t matter any less on the internet. If anything, you should be more vigilant online. While you can easily see someone peeking through your window, it’s almost impossible to detect who’s prying on your sensitive information on the internet.

In this article, we’re going to look at the dangers that lurk on the internet and show you how to enjoy a safe browsing experience.

First of all, let’s tackle one of the most common privacy-related questions: can Macs get viruses?

Can Macs get viruses?

Yes, is the short answer.

In fact, Mac malware (‘malware’ is the term used to cover all kinds of malicious software. All viruses are malware) is on the rise. A report by Malwarebytes showed that malware grew by 270% in 2017. This is because more people are using Macs and therefore making MacOS a more lucrative target for hackers that want to invade your privacy and access your sensitive data.

Macs pose a much tougher challenge for hackers than PCs, though, thanks to Apple’s XProtect built-in scanning tool and Gatekeeper, which blocks software that hasn’t been digitally approved by Apple from running on your system.  

Unfortunately, Apple’s programs don’t keep everything out. Malware typically finds its way onto your Mac via a program you download, a link that you click in an email or on a website, or an app or plugin that you install. These things appear legitimate, which makes them difficult to spot.

Malware infected emails, for example, are often sent from what appears to be a genuine source, like your bank or a government agency.

Viruses are also often found bundled in with cracked software from torrent websites.

Once malware has infected your system, how it works depends on the strain:

  • Virus — Deletes or corrupts files
  • Trojan — Creates backdoors in your system to allow other malware to infect your Mac
  • Ransomware — Locks down your Mac and threatens to delete system files unless a ransom is paid
  • Spyware — Runs in the background and tracks your activity including passwords, bank and credit card details, and internet activity
  • Adware — Runs aggressive advertising, ruining your browsing experience
  • Worms — Infect an entire network of computers
  • Botnets — Make a network of computers work together under the control of an attacker

How do I know if my Mac has Malware?

In the case of Adware and Ransomware, malware makes it perfectly clear that your Mac been infected. Other strains, however, are more difficult to detect.

The following systems are a good indication that your system has been infected:

  • Your Mac reboots unexpectedly
  • Apps close and restart randomly, for no reason
  • Suspicious updates being installed automatically by your browser
  • An unusually large number of ads in your browser
  • Unusually sluggish Mac performance

How do I get rid of a malware virus?

Malware can be removed from your Mac by checking in your Downloads for any unrecognized files, or files ending in .DMG. However, this is no guarantee that the virus will be removed completely.

A better way is to use a Mac cleaner like CleanMyMac. This app performs a full scan of your system and pulls up all applications and their associated files. Unlike moving an app to the Trash as is the case when performing the task manually, CleanMyMac removes every trace of a malicious download so that’s there’s no chance of the app causing harm to your Mac in the future.

You can get CleanMyMac X for free from Setapp, so it’s worth making that your first port of call if you suspect malware has infected your system.  

How to stay safe online

The internet is as dangerous as it is brilliant and the truth is, every time you use it, you’re at risk of your information being stolen. Computer hacking is big business and while attackers continue to make serious money from it, there’s little chance of it going away.

Fortunately, there are steps you can take to ensure your privacy. Here are some simple internet safety tips.

  • Use a secure browser — Popular browsers like Safari, Chrome, and Firefox are working hard to ensure your privacy and there are plugins like HTTPS Everywhere to enforce SSL Security wherever possible. That said, if you’re looking to really keep things on lockdown you should turn to Tor. While Tor offers no malware security, it’s built for advanced privacy and is popular with the anti-surveillance movement as a result.
  • Get a VPN — A VPN (Virtual Private Network) keeps your internet browsing anonymous so that no one can mine your data. It does this by providing an encrypted connection to a private network via the internet. The VPN that we recommend is Shimo. We hand-picked Shimo for the Setapp collection for its beautiful user interface and military-grade AES 256-bit encryption. The app lets you set up multiple connections at the same time and supports every major VPN protocol. In short, it’s the only VPN your Mac will ever need.
  • Use an encrypted email client — Email is a prime target for hackers and surveillance agencies. Try to avoid sending any sensitive data via email until you download an encrypted client like Canary Mail. This app is slick to use and excellent for keeping your inbox organized. Crucially, it also comes with Pretty Good Privacy (PGP) built in. PGP uses cryptographic privacy and authentication for safe data exchange, giving you peace of mind that everything you send is for your eyes and those of the recipient only.
  • Get a password manager — The best way to ensure your passwords aren’t compromised is to make them impossible to guess and change them on a regular basis. Secrets is a simple and secure password manager that lets you generate strong, secure passwords that can be used across your favorite websites, as well as online banking and web tools. It then stores your passwords and syncs them with iCloud for easy access across your iOS devices. Like Canary Mail app, Secrets uses PGP for data encryption so you can use it in full confidence that your passwords will never fall into the wrong hands.

Keeping your Mac safe a work

While we’re talking privacy we should probably mention work. How sure are you that your Mac is protected if you’re away from it?

We’re not suggesting you should doubt the trustworthiness of your employees but you shouldn’t leave anything to chance. No matter how much you like or trust someone, there are things that should remain private to you. If ever you’re away from your Mac you can quickly lock it down to protect your data.

How to lock your Mac

First of all, you’ll need to enable password protection.

  1. Go to System Preferences > Security & Privacy > General.
  2. Tick Require Password.

With that setting enabled you can quickly lock your Mac by pressing Control+Shift+Power (or Eject). Now, anyone trying to access your system will need to enter the password.

To log back in, press any key and enter your password.

Keep your private things private

Staying safe on the internet is all about being vigilant. If something appears to be suspect it probably is. Only use reputable websites and download apps and media from trusted sources. If you’re worried about who can see your information as you browse the web or use email, opt for a secure browser like Tor and visit Setapp to download security tools like the Canary email client, Shimo VPN, and Secrets password manager. Your privacy should be your primary concern when using the internet and Setapp has the apps to ensure this is the case.

Sign up to Setapp and try them for free.

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